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Wednesday December 13th 2017

Latin Jazz Chronicles

1800’s – 1940

  • 1850-60 – Various forms of the pan-Caribbean dance music called contradanza or danza develop in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela and begin to spread to Mexico and the United States. The Cuban danzón develops at about the same time as ragtime and pre-jazz music in New Orleans.
  • 1840s – late 1890s – The danza style known as habanera and its variants are well established in the music of New Orleans, having arrived decades earlier via Mexico. In New Orleans, Junius Hart, L. Grunewald, and H. Wehrmann publish a flood of sheet music, mostly danzas and habaneras, as Mexican music.
  • 1850s-60s – New Orleans composer L.M. Gottschalk writes and performs pieces inspired by the music of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Martinique.
  • 1870s – The famous musical Tio Family returns to New Orleans after a number of years in Mexico.
  • 1871 – Mexican-born composer and guitarist Miguel Arévalo brings the habanera to Los Angeles.
  • 1884-85 – At the World’s Industrial and Cotton Exposition in New Orleans, Mexico is represented by a variety of musical troupes, including the 8th Calvary Military Band (called the Mexican Band). Much of the music they play is based on the Cuban danza and habanera. The band returns to New Orleans, under the direction of Encarnación Payen, in 1891.
  • 1885 – Florencio Ramos (Nuevo León, México, 1861 – New Orleans, 1931) comes to New Orleans with the Mexican Band. He is thought to have been New Orleans’ first saxophonist.
  • 1898 – The Spanish American War. Many musicians from New Orleans are sent to Cuba during the Spanish American War, establishing another point of contact with Cuban music.
  • 1900 – Influenced by his Cuban wife, Blanche Nuñez, Dixieland bandleader Jack “Papa” Laine includes a number of Cuban and Mexican musicians in his Reliance Brass Band. Brothers Manuel J. and Leonce Mello, once workers in the Cuban sugar industry, later form their own jazz band in New Orleans.
  • 1914 – As early as 1914, a “jazzband” – called Sagua de Pedro Stacholy – is active in Cuba. Little is known about it, except that it was led by a musician who had studied in the United States.
  • 1914 – W.C. Handy’s habanera-based “St. Louis Blues” is published. Handy became familiar with Cuban music during a trip to the island in 1900.
  • 1917 – New York bandleader James Reese Europe recruits fifteen Puerto Rican musicians for the 369th U.S. Infantry military band (the “Hellfighters”), which popularized ragtime and jazz in France during World War I.
  • 1918-29 – Son, a synthesis of African and Spanish music styles, becomes the national music of Cuba.
  • Early 1920s – “Jelly Roll” Morton, who claims to be the inventor of jazz, writes “New Orleans Blues,” an example of the habanera influence on his music.
  • 1928 – Cuban composer Moisés Simons composes “El Manisero” (The Peanut Vendor).
  • 1929 – Cuban flautist Alberto Socarrás (Manzanillo, Cuba, 1908 – New York City, 1987) records the first jazz flute solo in “Have You Ever Felt That Way,” for Clarence Williams’ record label. Socarrás forms the Magic Flute Orchestra in 1937.
  • 1929 – Bandleader Duke Ellington (Washington, D.C., 1899 – New York City, 1974) hires Puerto Rican trombonist Juan Tizol. Tizol composes several Latin-influenced pieces for the orchestra, including the classics “Caravan,” “Perdido,” and “Conga Brava.”
  • 1930-32 – Antonio Machín, Cuban singer with Don Azpiazu’s Havana Casino Orchestra, popularizes “El Manisero” (The Peanut Vendor), the start of the “rhumba craze.”
  • 1931 – The Hermanos Castro Orchestra records “St. Louis Blues” in Havana.
  • 1932 – Augusto Coen (Ponce, Puerto Rico) records the first Puerto Rican plena, “El Ratón.” In 1934, he forms his own orchestra, Augusto Coen y sus Boricuas.
  • 1939 – Bandleader Cab Calloway (Rochester, New York, 1907 – Hockessin, Delaware, 1994) hires Mario Bauzá and Dizzy Gillespie for his band.
  • 1930-1940s – “Battles of the Bands” at Harlem’s Apollo Theatre bring Latin and Caribbean bands and African-American jazz bands together.
  • 1940s-50s
  • 1940 – Machito (Frank Grillo) (Havana, Cuba, 1908 – London, 1984) forms the Afro-Cubans, who record the classic “Tanga” in 1945. Mario Bauzá
    (Havana, 1911 – New York, 1993) joins Machito as musical director in 1941.
  • Mid-1940s – Pianist René Hernández (Cienfuegos, Cuba, 1916 – San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1977) moves from Cuba to New York and becomes the main arranger for Machito and the Afro-Cubans.
  • 1946 – Singer and bandleader Miguelito Valdés brings percussionist Chano Pozo from Havana to New York.
  • 1947 – Dizzy Gillespie appears at Carnegie Hall with Chano Pozo on conga drum. They record “Manteca” in the same year, followed by “Cubano Be, Cubano Bop” in 1948.
  • 1947 – Stan Kenton (Wichita, Kansas, 1911 – Los Angeles, 1979) records “ El Manisero” (The Peanut Vendor) using the rhythm section of Machito’s Afro-Cubans. The rhythm section includes Carlos Vidal (conga), José Luis Mangual (timbales and cowbell), and Machito (maracas). Jack Costanzo plays bongos for this recording.
  • 1947 – After a visit to Cuba, dancer and choreographer Katherine Dunham hires several Cuban drummers and dancers to travel with her dance troupe. Some of these drummers later join the roster of Cuban percussionists playing in the United States.
  • 1948 – Charlie Parker, with Machito and his Afro-Cuban Orchestra, records “Mango, Mangüé.”
  • 1948 – James Moody and Chano Pozo record “Tin Tin Deo.”
  • 1948 – Chano Pozo (Pueblo Nuevo, Cuba, 1915 – New York City, 1948) dies tragically in New York. Sabú Martínez takes his place in the Dizzy Gillespie band.
  • 1948 – Miguelito Valdés brings Mexican American pianist Eddie Cano from Los Angeles to work with him in New York.
  • 1948 – Miguelito Valdés trae al pianista mexicoamericano Eddie Cano desde Los Angeles a trabajar con él en New York.
  • 1949 – Jack Costanzo (Chicago, Illinois, 1922) joins the Nat King Cole Trio. In the 1950s Cole releases an album of Latin American standards in Spanish.
  • Late 1940s-50s – While U.S. jazz musicians experiment with Afro-Cuban rhythms, a group of Cuban musicians in Havana mix jazz harmonies and the blues with Cuban song traditions, producing a new vocal style that becomes known as the “filin” or “feeling” movement.
  • 1950 – Machito’s orchestra records Chico O’Farrill’s Afro-Cuban Jazz Suite with Flip Phillips, Charlie “Bird” Parker, and Buddy Rich.
  • 1950 – Cuban bandleader Dámaso Pérez Prado (Matanzas, Cuba, 1916 – Mexico City, 1989) tours the United States with his mambo orchestra through the early 1950s.
  • l952 – Pianist Bebo Valdés (Quivicán, Cuba, 1918) records “Con Poco Coco,” the first Afro-Cuban jazz jam session (descarga) ever recorded.
  • 1950s – Counter-culture writers and poets known as the “Beat” generation, including Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, adopt a percussive style of writing and performance inspired by Bebop and Cubop.
  • 1950s-1960s – Joe Loco (José Estévez) (New York City – San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1988) leads one of the most popular Latin jazz groups of the era, the Joe Loco Trio.
  • 1953 – Art Blakey records “Cubano Chant,” a cha cha cha-inspired composition by Ray Bryant.
  • 1953 – Art Blakey graba “Cubano Chant”, una composición de Ray Bryant inspirada en el cha cha cha.
  • 1954 – Billy Taylor records with Cándido.
  • 1954 – The mambo, at the height of its popularity, inspires a Mambo-Rumba Festival at Carnegie Hall, followed by performances at Brooklyn’s Paramount Theatre and the Apollo in Harlem.
  • 1954 – Dizzy Gillespie (far right) with (left to right) Luis Miranda, Antar Daly, Ubaldo Nieto, José Mangual, and Cándido during the 1954 recording of Manteca Suite.
  • 1954 – Cal Tjader (St. Louis, Missouri, 1925 – Manila, Philippines, 1982) records the album Ritmo Caliente with Armando Peraza as the principal percussionist.
  • 1955 – Kenny Dorhan and the Jazz Messengers record the LP Afro-Cuban with Patato Valdés.
  • 1955 – Horace Silver records “Señor Blues,” a composition featuring a 6/8 rhythm common in Afro-Cuban dance music.
  • 1956 – Pianist and bandleader George Shearing (London, England, 1919) releases his best-selling album Latin Escapade.
  • 1957 – Tito Puente adds conguero Ray Barreto (New York City, 1929) to his band.
  • 1957 – The George Shearing Quintet records “Mambo Inn.”
  • 1957 – Band leader Cal Tjader records Más Ritmo Caliente.
  • 1957 – Israel “Cachao” López (Havana, Cuba, 1918) records his famous Descargas in Havana.
  • 1957-58 – Saxophonist José “Chombo” Silva (Oriente, Cuba, 1923-1995) records in classic descarga sessions in Havana and in Latin jazz sessions with Cal Tjader in the United States. Silva, with Gustavo Mas, leads a generation of Cuban jazz saxophonists.
  • 1958 – Frank Emilio Flynn, Guillermo Barreto, Tata Güines, and others launch the Grupo Instrumental de Música Moderna in Havana, later called Los Amigos.
  • 1958 – Ramón “Mongo” Santamaría (Havana, Cuba, 1917) and Willie Bobo (New York City, 1934 – Los Angeles, 1983) join the Cal Tjader Quintet.
  • 1958 – Cuban vocalist Beny Moré sings with Tito Puente’s orchestra at the Hollywood Palladium, in a show organized by promoter Lionel “Chico” Sesma.
  • 1958 – Shorty Rogers composes the Afro-Cuban tune “Wayacañanga Suite.”
  • 1959 – Mongo Santamaría releases his classic Latin jazz hit “Afro Blue.”
  • 1959 – Herbie Mann (New York City, 1930) forms the Afro-Jazz Sextet. Influenced by African, Brazilian, and Afro-Latin music styles, he tours Africa with Patato Valdés, José Mangual, John Rae, and Doc Cheatham in 1960.
  • 1960s-70s
    1960 – Mongo Santamaría returns to Cuba, accompanied by Willie Bobo, to record two albums with local musicians.
  • 1960 – Miles Davis and Gil Evans collaborate on Sketches of Spain, the first major recording influenced by the music of Spain to reach a jazz audience.
  • 1961 – Label owner Al Santiago releases the first Alegre All-Stars, a five-record series of descarga sessions with leading Latin jazz musicians in New York City, including Charlie Palmieri, Johnny Pacheco, Pedro “Puchi” Boulong, Kako, Jose “Chombo” Silva, Louie Ramírez, Mark Weinstein, and Bobby Rodríguez.
  • 1961 – John Coltrane releases Olé Coltrane, a jazz exploration of Spanish flamenco music.
  • 1961 – Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis records LP Afro-Jaws.
  • 1962 – Ray Barreto releases Latino, a sizzling recording based on the flute-and-fiddle charanga, layered with extended improvisations from Jose “Chombo” Silva and trumpeter Alejandro “El Negro” Vivar.
  • 1962 – Mongo Santamaría records Herbie Hancock’s (Chicago, Illinois, 1940) “Watermelon Man.”
  • 1963-69 – Hubert Laws is lead saxophonist and flautist for Mongo Santamaría.
  • 1963 – Ray Barreto records the pop Latin dance hit “El Watusi.”
  • 1963 – Stan Getz (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1927 – Malibu, California, 1991) and Brazilian guitarist and vocalist João Gilberto (Bahia, Brazil, 1932) collaborate in a jazz and bossa nova LP featuring themes by Antonio Carlos Jobim (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1927 – New York City, 1994). Jobim, composer of popular Brazilian music and bossa nova, had a tremendous impact on jazz and world music.
  • 1963 – Jazz saxophonist Edward “Sonny” Stitt (Boston, Massachusetts, 1924 – Washington, D.C., 1982) records Stitt Goes Latin with Carlos “Patato” Valdés (Havana, Cuba, 1926) and Willie Bobo as percussionists.
  • 1963 – Tito Rodríguez releases the classic recording Live at Birdland.
  • 1963 – Guitarist Grant Green records The Latin Bit, with Willie Bobo, Wendell Marshall, Patato Valdés, Carvin Masseaux, and Johnny Acea.
  • 1964 – Drummer and percussionist Alex Acuña (Pativilca, Peru, 1944) joins the Pérez Prado orchestra.
  • 1964 – The album Soul Sauce by Cal Tjader becomes the most popular Latin jazz recording of the decade.
  • 1964 – FANIA, the most important Latin record label, is founded by Jerry Masucci and Johnny Pacheco.
  • 1965 – Willie Bobo records the R & B-influenced hit album Spanish Grease.
  • Mid 1960s – Frank Emilio Flynn and the group Los Amigos records the Latin jazz tune “Gandinga, Mondongo y Sandunga.”
  • Mid 1960s – Clare Fischer (Durand, Michigan, 1928) composes the Latin jazz standard “Morning.”
  • 1966 – Eric Dolphy and the Latin Jazz Quintet released the LP Caribe.
  • 1966 – Bassists Israel “Cachao” López and Bobby Rodríguez (New York City) go man-to-man during Descargas at the Village Gate.
  • 1967 – Orquesta Cubana de Música Moderna is founded in Havana under the direction of Armando Romeu, Jr.
  • 1980s-2000
    1970 – At the Jazz Jamboree in Poland, critics are impressed by a quintet led by Chucho Valdés, with Paquito D’Rivera, Orlando “Cachaíto” López, Enrique Pla, and Oscar Valdés.
  • 1971 – Colombian saxophonist Justo Almario (Sincelejo, Colombia, 1949) becomes musical director for Mongo Santamaría’s band.
  • 1971 – Gato Barbieri (Rosario, Argentina, 1934) plays the South American traditional tune “Carnavalito” in a rousing guaguancó version in his LP Fenix.
  • 1972 – Saxophonist Gato Barbieri records the soundtrack for the movie Last Tango in Paris.
  • 1972 – Chick Corea (Chelsea, Massachusetts, 1941), after recording with Cal Tjader, Mongo Santamaría, and Willie Bobo, forms the jazz-rock-Latin fusion band Return to Forever, in which the Brazilian sound plays an important role.
  • 1972 – Armando Peraza joins the Latin-rock group Santana.
  • 1973 – Charlie Palmieri and Tito Puente join forces in Cal Tjader’s album Primo.
  • 1973 – In Santiago de Cuba, producer Rodulfo Vaillant records a couple of tunes by a group of musicians that eventually become the band Irakere.
  • 1973 – Pianist Eddie Palmieri (New York City, 1936) wins a Grammy award for the album The Sun of Latin Music, arranged by René Hernández.
  • 1974 – Celia Cruz and Johnny Pacheco record the salsa gold recording Celia and Johnny.
  • 1974 – Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, and Brazilian Milton Nascimento (vocals) collaborate on Native Dancer, a milestone release blending jazz, Brazilian melodies, and one of the most ardent voices in Latin America.
  • 1974 – Astor Piazzolla (Argentina, 1921-1992) records the tango jazz album Reunión Cumbre, a blend of tango and jazz with European classical music, featuring Gerry Mulligan.
  • 1975 – The Machito Orchestra records Afro Cuban Jazz Moods with solos by Dizzy Gillespie and arrangements by Chico O’Farrill.
  • 1977 – Jazz bassist Charles Mingus (Nogales, Arizona, 1922 – Cuernavaca, Mexico, 1979) and saxophonist Justo Almario (Sincelejo, Colombia, 1949) collaborate in the recording Cumbia & Jazz Fusion.
  • 1977 – Dizzy Gillespie, Stan Getz, Arturo Sandoval, David Amram, Ray Mantilla, Los Papines, and Irakere perform at the first Festival Jazz Plaza in Havana
  • 1977 – Pianist Charlie Palmieri joins Cachao on the recording Descarga 77.
  • 1978 – Irakere appears in the United States and eventually receives a Grammy award for recordings made at live sessions.
  • 1978 – Eddie Palmieri records the album Lucumí, Macumba, Voodoo.
  • 1979 – Pianist Emiliano Salvador records the album Nueva Visión.
  • 1979 – Poncho Sánchez (Laredo, Texas, 1951) makes his first solo recording.
  • 1979 – Jerry González forms the Fort Apache Band with his brother Andy and ten other musicians.
  • 1979 – Trombonist Juan Pablo Torres (Puerto Padre, Cuba, 1946) produces Estrellas del areito, a five-record release featuring Arturo Sandoval, Félix Chappotín, Paquito D’Rivera, Jorge Varona, Enrique Jorrin, Rafael Lay, “Niño” Rivera, Tata Güines, Rubén González, and other seasoned soloists.
  • 1979 – CBS Records travels to Cuba with an entourage of American performers for a week-long music festival, later released on record as Havana Jam I and II.
  • 1979 – Tito Puente forms the Tito Puente Latin Jazz Ensemble. He wins his first Grammy for Homenaje a Beny (Homage to Beny).
  • 1980 – Drummer Giovanni Hidalgo (San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1963) is one of the founding members of the group Batacumbele.
  • 1980 – The Latin Jazz Percussion Ensemble, with Patato Valdés, Tito Puente, Jorge Dalto, and Alfredo de la Fé, appears at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland.
  • Early 1980s – Pianist Jorge Dalto (Argentina, 1948-1987), former musical director for George Benson, forms his own band.
  • 1982 – Justo Almario and Alex Acuña form the band Tolú in Los Angeles.
  • 1982 – Jazz vocalist Carmen McRae records a memorable version of “Evil Ways” as part of her Solar Heat recording collaboration with Cal Tjader
  • 1983 – Pianist Michele Rosewoman (Oakland, California, 1953) presents the show “New-Yor-Uba,” featuring her big band, in New York City.
  • 1983 – Tito Puente wins his second Grammy for On Broadway.
  • 1984-87 – During this period a number of important Latin jazz recordings are released, including Charlie Palmieri’s A Giant Step, Patato Valdés’ Masterpiece, Hilton Ruiz’s Something Grand, Poncho Sánchez’s Papa Gato, and Gonzalo Rubalcaba’s Mi gran pasión.
  • 1984 – Juan Luis Guerra releases Soplando, fluid, sinuous renditions of jazz-influenced merengues featuring Dominican jazz master Tavito Vásquez.
  • 1985 – In New York City, the Blue Note Latin Jazz Festival debuts as a three-week annual concert series.
  • 1985 – Dizzy Gillespie returns to Havana to appear in the Festival Jazz Plaza and meets pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba (Havana, Cuba, 1963).
  • 1985 – Tito Puente wins a third Grammy for Mambo Diablo, featuring George Shearing.
  • 1986 – First San Juan Jazz Fest, later known as the Heineken Jazz Fest, opens in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • 1986 – John Santos forms the Machete Ensemble in the San Francisco Bay Area.
  • 1988 – The group Bongo Logic, featuring Latin jazz with a charanga format, is founded in Los Angeles by Brett Gollin.
  • 1988 – Jerry González releases the recording Rumba para Monk.
  • 1988 – Orlando “Maraca” Valle joins Irakere.
  • 1988 – Dave Valentín records Live at the Blue Note.
  • 1988 – Saxophonist and flautist Jane Bunnett (Toronto, Canada, 1956) begins a musical collaboration with Guillermo Barreto in Havana.
  • 1988 – Dizzy Gillespie forms the United Nation Orchestra, featuring such figures as Paquito D’Rivera, David Sánchez, Charlie Sepúlveda, Claudio Roditi, Arturo Sandoval, Danilo Pérez, Steve Turre, Ignacio Berroa, Mario Rivera, and Giovanni Hidalgo.
  • 1989 – Mauricio Smith (Panamá, 1931) is musical director for the film Crossover Dreams starring Rubén Blades.
  • 1989 – Pianist and vocalist Eliane Elias (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1960) releases her first Latin jazz recording exploring Brazilian music.
  • 1989 – Multi-instrumentalist Bobby Carcassés records La esquina del Afro-Jazz in Havana.
  • 1990s – Chano Domínguez and Jorge Pardo become established as leaders of flamenco jazz.
  • 1990s – This decade sees an explosion of new and exciting Latin jazz recordings by many artists, including Steve Berrios, Rebeca Mauleón, Víctor Mendoza, Paquito D’Rivera, Arturo Sandoval, Dave Valentín, Papo Vázquez, Michel Camilo, Orlando “Maraca” Valle, Ralph Irizarry, and Chucho Valdés, among others.
  • 1991 – Arturo Sandoval (Artemisa, Cuba, 1949) is featured on the soundtrack of the film The Mambo Kings.
  • 1991-93 – In the last three years of his life, Mario Bauzá records three important CDs: Tanga, My Time Is Now, and 944 Columbus.
  • 1992 – Panamanian Danilo Pérez makes his recording debut with Danilo Pérez.
  • 1992 – Tito Puente forms the Golden Latin Jazz All-Stars.
  • 1992 – Trumpeter Charlie Sepúlveda, joined by saxophonist David Sánchez, pianist Ed Simon, bassist Andy González, drummer Adan Cruz, and conguero Richie Flores, feature Puerto Rican and Latin American rhythms in the CD Algo Nuevo.
  • 1993 – Saxophonist Mario Rivera merges the idioms of jazz and merengue music in the CD El Comandante.
  • 1993 – A long tradition of Latin jazz performances at the Village Gate comes to an end as the club closes its doors. Widely known for the Descargas at The Village Gate recordings, the venue was also home to the weekly series “Salsa Meets Jazz” organized by disc jockey “Symphony Sid” Torin and impresario Jack Hooke.
  • 1994 – Tito Puente and his Golden Latin Jazz All-Stars release the CD In Session.
  • 1994 – Bebo Valdés releases his first recording in more than thirty years, Bebo Rides Again.
  • 1995-2000 – A number of Latin jazz artists and groups, including Irakere, Steve Coleman, Orlando “Maraca” Valle, Charlie Sepúlveda, and Omar Sosa, explore fusions of Latin jazz and rap.
  • 1995 – Juan Pablo Torres and Paquito D’Rivera combine the Miles Davis standard “Four” with the Cuban standard “Como fue” in Juan Pablo Torres’s CD Trombone Man.
  • 1995 – Chucho Valdés (Quivicán, Cuba, 1941) makes his first appearance as a soloist in the United States, performing in San Francisco and Los Angeles. In 1996 Valdés tours and records with Roy Hargrove’s band Crisol.
  • 1995 – The Grammy Awards establishes a new category for Latin jazz. In the first year the winner is Arturo Sandoval for his CD Danzón. The other nominees are Ray Barreto (Taboo), Mario Bauzá (944 Columbus), Jerry González (Crossroads), and Eddie Palmieri (Palmas).
  • 1996 – Michel Camilo records several Latin jazz standards (“Manteca,” “Perdido,” “Afro-Blue,” and Sonny Rollins’s “St.Thomas”) in his CD Thru My Eyes.
  • 1996 – A veteran of the George Shearing Quintet, Emil Richards releases his Latin jazz CD Luntana.
  • 1996 – Steve Coleman records The Sign and the Seal with the folkloric Cuban group Afrocuba de Matanzas.
  • 1996 – Trumpet player Roy Hargrove visits Havana and sits in with the dance band Los Van Van.
  • 1996 – Vocalist Graciela records the bolero “Ayer lo vi llorar” for Steve Turre’s CD Steve Turre.
  • 1996 – Top Grammy nominees for Latin jazz include Jerry González (Pensativo), Patato Valdés (Ritmo y candela: Rhythm at theCrossroads), Eddie Palmieri (Arete), Chico O’Farrill (Pure Emotion), and the winner, Antonio Carlos Jobim, for his CD Antonio Brasileiro.
  • 1997 – David Sánchez (Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, 1968) and Branford Marsalis (Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, 1960) co-produce the CD Obsesión, a Latin jazz interpretation of Latin American standards.
  • 1997 – The Latin Jazz Grammy goes to Paquito D’Rivera for Portraits of Cuba. The runners-up are Ray Barreto (My Summertime), Steve Berrios (And Then Some), Terence Blanchard (The Heart Speaks), and Don Grolnick (Medianoche).
  • 1998 – At the Second Annual Latin Jazz Festival in Los Angeles, bassists from three generations — Al McKibbon, Andy González, and Carlos del Puerto, Jr. — pay tribute to legendary bassist Israel “Cachao” López.
  • 1998 – Ray Hargrove and Crisol receive the Grammy Award for Habana. Nominees include Conrad Herwig (The Latin Side of John Coltrane), Giovanni Hidalgo (Hands of Rhythm), Patato Valdés (Ritmo y candela II), and the Banda Mantiqueira (Aldeia).
  • 1999 – The Festival Barranquijazz in Colombia features pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba and others, including Papo Luca, Roberto Fonseca, and veteran Rubén González.
  • 1999 – Arturo Sandoval receives his second Latin Jazz Grammy for Hot House. Other nominees are Ray Barreto (Contact), Paquito D’Rivera and the United Nation Orchestra (Blue Jackal), Danilo Pérez (Central Avenue), and David Sánchez (Obsesión).
  • 1999 – The “big band” orchestra Cubanismo explores the New Orleans-Latin jazz connection.
  • 1999 – Lalo Schifrin releases his CD Latin Jazz Suite.
  • 1999 – Frank Emilio Flynn records Ancestral Reflections / Reflejos ancestrales.
  • 1999-2002 – Latin jazz artists such as David Sánchez, Gonzalo Rubalcaba, and Charlie Haden turn to the Latin American bolero as a source of inspiration for their recordings.
  • 2000-2001 – Artists Jane Bunnett, Danilo Pérez, William Cepeda, Ed Simon, Héctor Martignon, and Omar Sosa explore the regional sources of Latin jazz in Panamá, Santiago de Cuba, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador.
  • 2000 – Festival Jazz Plaza in Havana, led by Chucho Valdés and Irakere, showcases ensembles and soloists from all over the world, including fifteen groups from the United States and seven from Spain.
  • 2000 – Shortly before passing away, Chico O’Farrill releases his CD Carambola.
  • 2000 – In his CD Tumbao para los congueros de mi vida, Al McKibbon pays tribute to the great conga drummers of Latin jazz: Chano Pozo, Armando Peraza, Mongo Santamaría, Cándido, Patato, and Francisco Aguabella.
  • 2000 – The Fifth Annual Central Avenue Jazz Festival in Los Angeles features appearances by John Santos and the Machete Ensemble, Bobby Matos’ Afro-Latin Jazz Ensemble, the Johnny Blas Latin Jazz Band, and the Robert Incelli Latin Jazz Band.
  • 2000 – The Fifth Annual Latin Jazz Club Caravan in Los Angeles, sponsored by jazz station KLON-Long Beach, features eleven different music groups at ten different nightclubs.
  • 2000 – The sixth Latin Jazz Grammy Award goes to Poncho Sánchez for Latin Soul, with Chucho Valdés (Briyumba Palo Congo), Al McKibbon (Para los congueros de mi vida), Gonzalo Rubalcaba (Antiguo), and Bobby Rodríguez (Latin Jazz Explosion) rounding out the list of nominees.
  • 2000 – Masterpiece, Tito Puente’s last CD, is the realization of a long-overdue recording collaboration with Eddie Palmieri.
  • 2001 – Chucho Valdés receives the Latin Jazz Grammy Award for Live at the Village Vanguard. Gary Burton (Libertango), Danilo Pérez (Motherland), Bobby Sanabria (Afrocuban Dream), and David Sánchez (Melaza) are the other nominees.
  • 2002 – Legendary batá teacher and Latin jazz drummer Francisco Aguabella releases his CD Cubacán, which includes the talented young Nicaraguan pianist Donald Vega.
  • 2002 – Pianist Bellita (Lilia Expósito Pino) and saxophonist Javier Zalba perform regularly at Havana jazz venues.
  • 2002 – Charlie Haden wins the Latin Jazz Grammy Award for Nocturne. The other four nominees are Los Hombres Calientes, Irvin Mayfield and Bill Summers (Vol. 3: New Congo Square), the Gonzalo Rubalcaba Trio (Supernova), David Sánchez (Travesía), and a group of artists for the film Calle 54.
  • 2002 and beyond – As the new century begins, Latin jazz artists continue to revisit old traditions and sources of the music while exploring new trails from Latin America and beyond.
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